Malaria: Causes, treatment, symptoms, preventions and home remedies

malaria treatment

Malaria is a blood infection carried out by person to person by the Anopheles mosquitoes. The parasite that causes malaria is neither a bacterium nor a virus, but it is a single cell parasite which multiplies in red blood cells of human body.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Causes of Malaria

Malaria can occur when the Plasmodium parasite-infected mosquito bites you. There are four kinds of malaria parasites known they are

  • Plasmodium vivax
  • Plasmodium ovale
  • Plasmodium malariae
  • Plasmodium falciparum

malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria
Out of these four Plasmodium falciparum is much severe and the person who contract with this has a risk of death. An infected mother can also transfer to her baby at birth as the transmission is by blood. This is identified as congenital malaria. Malaria is actually passed on by blood so it can also be transmitted all the way through an organ transplant, usage of shared syringes as well as needles and a transfusion.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Symptoms and signs of Malaria

Following the bite of an infected mosquito of malaria, it would take amid seven to fifteen days before the symptoms of malaria starts. There are two categories of malaria uncomplicated and complicated. Let us know the signs of both types of malaria:malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

malaria treatment

Symptoms of uncomplicated malaria

  • Headaches
  • Fever along with chills
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Body aches with usual weakness

An uncomplicated malaria attack could be a six to twelve hours of consistent cold along with shivering and fever. Fever, as well as headaches, can also be noticed along with that. After that tiredness, as well as sweating, can also be experienced. These symptoms are not specific as they are normal signs and symptoms so it cannot be judged that if the person has risk factors for Malaria or not.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

malaria treatment

Symptoms of complicated malaria

These symptoms of complicated malaria are really very severe as many body systems are affected they are as below:

  • Kidney failure
  • Cardiovascular collapse
  • Unconsciousness, confusion, abnormal behavior, generally known as cerebral malaria
  • Severe anemia
  • Low BP
  • Respiratory distress
  • Jaundice
Prevention of malaria

Malaria is undoubtedly a preventable and curable disease. Awareness, as well as precautions, should be taken especially while travelling to places prone to malaria is essential. Travelers are most prone to malaria and bring infections with them. Below are some steps to be taken to prevent yourself from Malaria:

  • The primary measure towards prevention from malaria is to be aware of all the risks of malaria along with the risks of complications linked with it, travelers travelling to areas where there is the high chance of malaria should be aware of all necessary precautions which should be taken.
  • Always keep in mind that a single bite is sufficient to transmit malaria, so enough protection against mosquito of malaria should be taken. Several measures like using the mosquito net, wearing full covered clothes and also using insect repellent can prevent you from malaria.
  • There are some anti-malarial tablets are also available in the market for the prevention of malaria. During or after travelling a complete prescribed course should be done. The anti malarial drugs available in markets are not 100 percent effective so side by side you should also take steps to avoid malaria.
Treatment of malaria

malaria prevention

causes of malaria

Treatment of Malaria is generally with ant malarial medicines. The type and dosage of drugs of malaria entirely depend on the severity of the disease and status of the host. In case of complicated malaria, the patient had to be observed in the intensive care unit, i.e. ICU all through the initial days of treatment. The reason for this is the complicated case of malaria can cause kidney failure, coma as well as respiratory distress too.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Home remedies for the treat malaria naturally

malaria treatment

The patient should not panic after malaria diagnose. You can treat malaria efficiently with the appropriate combination of medicines and home remedies. Below we have listed several home remedies to treat malariamalaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria:

Ginger– active constituents of ginger possess antimicrobial properties and so will give you relief from nausea and pains. You have to cut ginger pieces and boil them in water. Strain it and sip it when it cools down. You can drink two cups every day.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Orange juice – the roots of orange is naturopathy medicine and will efficiently reduce fever. Rich in vitamin C oranges will also boost the immune system and help you to fight malaria. You have to drink three glass of juice between meals.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Basil leaves – These basil leaves are known to be the best herbal remedy for several diseases including malaria. You have to just crush the leaves and separate juice by pressing on the sieve. You can also add black paper and drink.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Sip herbal teas – Green tea contains antioxidants and which assist in strengthening the immune system which ultimately helps to fight the disease. You have to soak green tea bag along with tamarind in hot water strain tea and drink.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Turmeric– it is a potent antimicrobial agent and assists to clean the toxins from the body and also help to kill the parasite. Mix turmeric in a glass of warm milk, mix it and drink it.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

Malaria is a preventable disease, and it is sure that you will recover fully from malaria if you get on time and proper treatment. Early and right treatment of malaria is sufficient for the fast recovery.malaria treatment malaria prevention causes of malaria

 

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